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According to MNT, agoraphobia is an anxiety disorder characterized by anxiety and intense fear of situations in which escape may be difficult or where help may not be available. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Diosrders (DSM-V) is used to diagnose agoraphobia and requires the person to have extreme fear and anxiety in at least two of following situations in order to receive a diagnosis – on public transport, in an open space, in an enclosed space, in a crowd or queue, out of home alone. It is not currently known what causes agoraphobia, but researchers believe that areas of the brain that control the fear response may play a role. To read this article in its entirety, click here.